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What is the definition of a foot orthosis?

In the end, it’s an orthopaedic device worn under the foot in a shoe. By providing proper repositioning, support, and balance, they dramatically improve foot function.


Foot orthotics, which are custom-made from a plaster cast, can help people of all ages prevent or manage postural issues, as well as pain in the feet, lower limbs, or hips.


This article will provide you with useful information on foot orthotics in general, as well as the many types of orthotics, their benefits, and, most importantly, how to choose one that fits you properly.




What are the various forms of foot orthotics available?

The type of foot orthosis you require is determined by your lifestyle. Based on your lifestyle, diseases, and overall examination, an orthotist is the best professional to propose an orthotic.


The market offers a variety of foot orthotics to fulfill these diverse needs: flexible, cushioning, flexible, lightweight, and so on. The variety of materials used to make them, such as leather, foam, or thermoplastic, lends them distinct characteristics:


For everyday use: These foot orthotics provide numerous benefits to people who work standing up or are physically active. Clientele who profit from them include health professionals, office employees, and sports therapists, to name a few.

Athletes should: The sports foot orthosis is specially created for active people who wish to improve their performance while reducing the risk of injury. It is manufactured to allow optimal muscle activation and healthy alignment.

For diabetics: This type of plantar orthosis’ flexible and absorbent materials help distribute pressure on the plantar surface. They are ideal for diabetics and persons with osteoarthritis.

For children: These orthoses have a high flexibility to allow them to develop with the child. Orthotists recommend them to repair a variety of biomechanical issues starting in childhood.




What are the advantages of wearing foot orthotics on a daily basis?

A foot orthosis works to relieve or prevent pain and biomechanical abnormalities.


Here are some of the daily benefits that help people who wear foot orthotics improve their quality of life.




The foot adapting to the terrain

Slippery, slanted, uneven, rocky, and hard: the surfaces on which we walk or perform activities – such as working or playing sports – offer our feet with multiple challenges. Humans are so used to jumping, running, and just walking on them that we don’t realize how much energy our lower limbs expend to keep them active and balanced.


Because of the pressure points under the foot, the body adapts to the terrain naturally. These are frequently disturbed, causing the weight load to be unevenly distributed. This imbalance leads foot problems such as blisters, plantar fasciitis, and fatigue fractures over time.


Here’s where the plantar orthosis comes in handy: it evenly distributes the load on the pressure points under the foot, allowing the foot to support itself during activities. Body movements, posture, and muscle performance are all improved, which helps to prevent a variety of foot and lower limb pathologies.




Getting your posture right

Your orthotist may propose that you wear a foot orthosis to treat specific postural imbalances after the biomechanical evaluation. In this case, the plantar orthosis serves as a corrective device: it causes a biomechanical realignment, allowing the entire body’s muscle and joint tissues to move more freely. The spontaneous adjustment of your posture and the ongoing prevention of erroneous motions follow.




Getting rid of pain

Foot orthotics can help reduce discomfort in the feet, as well as the surrounding tissues and joints. The various types of pain are primarily caused by repeated loading on tissues that were meant to withstand a lower force (both in terms of frequency and weight).


Wearing shoes that are overly thin, for example, crushes the foot’s medial bones (metatarsals), as well as the muscle and ligament tissue that connects them. Micro-tears, inflammation, and significant pain are frequently caused by this continual, everyday pressure, which is compounded by friction between the tissues. Metatarsalgia is the medical term for this condition, and it’s one of the reasons orthotists advocate foot orthotics.


The following are some other painful foot and lower limb diseases that can be alleviated with foot orthotics:


Injuries to the feet

Ulcers are a type of ulcer (diabetic patients)

La fascite plantare è una condizione che colpisce la pianta dei piedi.

Leg pain due to muscle and joint pain

Morton’s Neuroma is a type of neuroma that affects the brain.


Valgus hallux

Foot with a hollow core

With a flat foot

Fastidio al ginocchio

Mal di schiena



What can you do if you’re not sure if you require foot orthotics?

The biomechanical evaluation is the first step in proving the requirement for a foot orthosis. This procedure, which is performed by an orthotist, allows you to investigate the relationship between your joint structures and their physiological activities while walking. In other words, this examination gives a comprehensive view of the body’s mechanics and flags any irregularities. A biomechanical assessment is beneficial to everyone, regardless of age!




The steps of the biomechanical and postural evaluation are as follows:


Assessment of joint range of motion

Examination of posture and joint structural alignment

Analysis of walking

An examination of plantar pressure

Foot anatomy and pressure levels, which might impair performance (mobility) and comfort, are addressed in the resulting imaging. This is where the orthotist assesses if you should wear foot orthotics and follow a personalized treatment plan.

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